1 What is OER?

Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials that are either (a) in the public domain or (b) licensed in a manner that provides everyone with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities.

  • Revise – edit, adapt, and modify your copy of the resource
  • Remix – combine your original or revised copy of the resource with other existing material to create something new
  • Retain – make, own, and control a copy of the resource
  • Reuse – use your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource publicly
  • Redistribute – share copies of your original, revised, or remixed copy of the resource with others
5R: Reuse, Revise, Remix, Redistribute, Retain

Ordering of Creative Commons licenses from most to least permissive

From Open Oregon on the 5 Rs of OER:

Copyright License v. Creative Commons License

  • Copyright is a right afforded to you by the U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8, Clause 8: Patent and Copyright Clause of the Constitution. [The Congress shall have power] “To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.”
  • Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that helps overcome legal obstacles to the sharing of knowledge and creativity to address the world’s pressing challenges. Creative Commons licenses allow collaboration on your copyright with your permission.

Conditions of License

Attribution BY image Credit must be given to the creator
Share Alike SA image Adaptations must be shared under the same terms
Non-commercial NC image  Only non-commercial uses of the work are permitted
No Derivatives  ND image No derivatives or adaptations of the work are permitted

How to add a Creative Commons License to your work

*If you do not want to share your work, don’t put a Creative Commons license on it!

Adapted from “Open Education” by Creative Commons and licensed under a CC BY 4.0.

Icons by The Noun Project.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Intro to Open Pedagogy: Implications for Course Assignments and Assessment Copyright © 2021 by Sarah Campbell, Kerry Caparco, Jenny Castel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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