6 Types of Information Sources

Consider a topic such as the safety of genetically modified food. Wading into this large and controversial area, you will quickly discover that information about it comes from a wide range of sources:

  • Blogs and opinion pieces
  • Natural medicine and consumer health sites
  • Scientific research articles
  • Government and NGO sites
  • Books, newspapers, and magazine articles

Each of these types of sources has different content, written by people with varying levels of expertise, and written for different audiences. And each of these types of sources will have a different value for you, depending on the context and requirements of your research need. Some assignments will require that you use scholarly, academic sources that have to undergo a lengthy editorial process and therefore take longer to appear. Other assignments may allow you to use less formal, popular sources of information that may be more timely.

Newspaper Newspaper logo up-to-date current events, editorial opinion, commentary, general audience
Encyclopedia, Wikipedia Wikipedia logo overview, background information, general audience
Website Website possible commercial purposes, opinion, general audience
Magazine current events, topics of interest to general audience
Government/NGO World Health Organization logo reports, standards, statistics, more targeted audience
Scholarly article Journal cover new research by scholars for other scholars, expert audience
Scholarly book  Book cover in-depth coverage of a topic by expert/experts, targeted audience
Social media post, blog Twitter logo real-time, opinion, commentary, general audience


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Doing Research Copyright © 2019 by Celia Brinkerhoff is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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